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如何写好初中英语作文

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发表于 2018-7-15 14:24:35 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

写法指导
一、使用高级词汇
二、使用高级句式,让句子靓起来
三、细读例句,熟悉相关词汇与句式的用法。
用词三原则
1.标新立异
develop contribute to
finally eventually
2.短语优先
try  spare no efforts to
3.避免重复
We should save water. We should protect the environment.
It is important for us to protect the environment
高级词汇— 过渡词(递进)
保护环境
Today there is more and more pollution and the environment is becoming worse and worse. So we have to know how to protect the environment. Here are some ways. First, we can stop driving our personal cars. We can go to school or work on foot or by bus. Not only can it protect environment, but also it is good for our health. Second, we are not supposed to drop litter anywhere, we should put them into the trash bin. And it’s best to pick up the litter on the ground when we see them.Third, we should save the paper, the water, the food and so on. Fourth, we should protect the trees and we should plant more trees. I think if everyone does something to protect the environment, our world will be much better.
原文:more and more
worse and worse
Today there is more and more pollution and the environment is becoming worse and worse.
a. A+动词+ much/a little+比较级+than B A比B……多了/一点点
例:Mary is__________________________ than I.(玛丽比我高多了。)
b. 比较级+and+比较级 越来越……
例:Mary is __________________________. (玛丽越来越高。)
c. the+比较级, the+比较级 越……越……
_____________ Mary is, _____________ she is. (我吃的越多,长得越瘦。)
句型转换:
b.→c. _______________________________________________.
原文: not only……but also
not only……but also 不但……而且
eg.She likes music and sports ,She likes not only music but also sports.
①not only…but also…中的also通常可以省略
②为了强调,可将not only置于句首,此时其后的句子通常要用部分倒装的形式。
eg.Not only had the poor man been fined,but also he had been sent to prison.
这个可怜的人不仅被罚款,而且还被送进了监狱.
Not only can it protect environment, but also it is good for our health.
原文: be supposed to
Second, we are not supposed to drop litter anywhere, we should put them into the trash bin.
①be supposed to do =should 应该……
eg.Everyone is supposed to wear a seat-belt in the car.每个人在汽车里都应该系安全带.
②be supposed to后面接“have + 过去分词”时,表示“本应该做某事而没做”
eg.You are supposed to have handed in your homework by now.现在你应该已经把作业交上来了.
③be supposed to的否定结构为be not supposed to
eg.You are not supposed to smoke on the bus.你不应该在公共汽车上吸烟.
高级词汇— 过渡词(开头)
用于作文开头,其后一般用现在完成时态:
As is known to us all
As we know
It is known to us all
It is said /reported that + 句子
Recently 最近
With the development of the …随着…的发展
高级词汇— 过渡词
irst—first of all/ firstly/ at first/ at the beginning/ to begin with/ to start with
second—secondly/ then/ what‘s more/ besides/In addition
third—then / next / after that…/ not only …but also / at the same time
fourth—finally/ at last/ in the end
高级词汇— 过渡词(表观点和总结)
表达自己观点:
As far as I know / As far as I am concerned / In my opinion / to tell the truth / To be honest / generally speaking
这些短语一般都用于最后一段的开头 ,用来陈述自己的观点。
表总结:
In short / In a word / All in all / In general / Generally speaking一般也用于最后一段表示总结。
高级句式 一招起飞
1.the +形容词最高级+名词+(that) +主词+have ever seen/known/heard/had/read, etc.
eg. Anthony is the most handsome boy that I have ever seen.
He is the most knowledgeable teacher that I have known.
She is the funniest person I have ever met.
2. Nothing is +比较级than+to do sth
eg. Nothing is more important than to receive education.
Nothing is better than to lie in bed on a cold morning.
3. An/One advantage of…is that...+句子
eg. An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won’t produce any pollution.
One advantage of living in the city is its great convenience.
4. The reason why +句子+is that +句子(…的原因是…)
eg. The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air.
The reason why we have to learn English is that it can help us communicate with
others easily.
5. There is no doubt that+句子(毫无疑问)
eg. There is no doubt that we should protect our environment.
There is no doubt that he is telling a lie.
There is no doubt that computers play an important role in our daily life.
There is no doubt that we are running out of our natural resources.
6. It goes without saying that +句子(不言而喻,毫无疑问)
eg. It goes without saying that exercise is good for health.
It goes without saying that nobody can succeed without making efforts.
7. Due to/Thanks to/Owing to+n./Ving,句子(由于)
eg. Thanks to his help, I could finish my work on time/before the deadline
Due to the stormy weather, many flights have to be put off.
8. There are three reasons why …
eg. There are three reasons why I don’t like it.
There are three reasons why I don’t think we are ready for cloning.
9. It pays to do sth.(做…是值得的)/ sth counts
eg. It pays to study hard.
It pays to be honest.
Sometimes EQ counts more than IQ.
10. There is no point/use/sense in doing sth.
eg.There is no point in complaining.
There is no use crying over the spilt milk.
【总结】
1. the +形容词最高级+名词+(that) +主词+have ever seen/known/heard/had/read, etc.
2. Nothing is +比较级than+to do sth
3. An/One advantage of…is that...+句子
4. The reason why +句子+is that +句子(…的原因是…)
5. There is no doubt that+句子(毫无疑问)
6. It goes without saying that +句子(不言而喻,毫无疑问)
7. Due to/Thanks to/Owing to+n./Ving,句子(由于)
8. There are three reasons why …
9. It pays to do sth.(做…是值得的)
10. There is no point/use in doing sth.




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发表于 2018-7-15 14:24:36 | 显示全部楼层
教育是个大问题!

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发表于 2018-7-16 15:59:33 | 显示全部楼层
非常好,顶一下

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发表于 2018-7-29 17:03:25 | 显示全部楼层

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发表于 2018-8-6 01:37:00 | 显示全部楼层

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发表于 2018-8-10 18:04:14 | 显示全部楼层
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